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Visual imagery and false memory for pictures

Visual mental imagery might be critical in the ability to discriminate imagined from perceived pictures. Our aim was to investigate the neural bases of this specific type of reality-monitoring process in individuals with high visual imagery abilities. Methods: A reality-monitoring task was administered to twenty-six healthy participants using functional magnetic resonance imaging. During the encoding phase, 45 words designating common items, and 45 pictures of other common items, were presented in random order. During the retrieval phase, participants were required to remember whether a picture of the item had been presented, or only a word. Two subgroups of participants with a propensity for high vs. low visual imagery were contrasted.


001 mental imagery task


  • Gildas Brébion
  • Ana María Sánchez Laforga
  • Susana Ochoa
  • Daniel Muñoz-Samons
  • Carl Senior
  • Sara Siddi
  • Christian Stephan-Otto

Contact Information:

Name: Christian Stephan-Otto

Acknowledgements and Funding:

This work was supported by a Miguel Servet contract (CP09/00292) and a grant PI10/02479 from the Instituto de Salud Carlos III – Subdirección General de Evaluación y Fomento de la Investigación Sanitaria – co-funded by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER), both to GB; a grant PRRMAB-A2011-19251 from the Sardinia Region to SS; and a contract PTA2011-4983-I from the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain to CS-O. The study was also supported by the Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III.

External Publication Links:

Visual imagery and false memory for pictures: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study in healthy participants

Sample Size:


Scanner Type:

1.5T General Electric Signa HDe scanner



Accession Number:


How to cite this dataset:

In addition to any citation requirements in the dataset summary please use the following to cite this dataset:

This data was obtained from the OpenfMRI database. Its accession number is ds000203



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Revision: 1.0.2 Date Set: Aug. 28, 2017, 1:17 a.m.


- Added anatomical data
- Reran MRIQC
- Fixed bugs in several top-level metadata files

Revision: 1.0.1 Date Set: Oct. 17, 2016, 8:33 p.m.


- Fixed events files, which were all identical to one another in R1.0.0

Revision: 1.0.0 Date Set: July 17, 2016, 9:45 a.m.


- Initial release